Leadership Throughout the Iliad The Iliad, written by Homer, and translated by Stanley Lombardo is a tale of clashing between the Greeks, the Trojans, and the gods above them. He was the son of Miltiades. 11. He was orphaned at a very young age and had to fight for his inheritance which was forcibly taken by his guardians. Barry Strauss . Ancient Leadership: Nine Qualities of a Strong King King David was the “apple of God’s eye,” a “man after God’s own heart.” Yet he selfishly used his power to sleep with Bathsheba and to murder her husband as a cover-up. He was perhaps the first great thought leader. In 594 BC, he was democratically elected as “archon” or governor of ancient Athens. Each had its own system according to its political tradition; there were democratic and oligarchic/aristocratic systems, depending on the faction that prevailed in each city. The people, in turn, respect their obligations to their king, the gods, one another and guests. The other gods have no choice but to accept Zeus’s physical dominance. Ancient Greeks were people who admired and respected arts, education, philosophy, architecture etc. The great god Zeus identifies him as “excelling all mortals in his intellect.” Many characters, including one of Odysseus’s former companions and the goddess Athena, recall that Odysseus was “gentle and kind, like a father.”. 1 decade ago . Politics, art, education, architecture, language, and philosophy are all considered to be the pillars of ancient Greek civilization. There are two on the list I would say of equal import by way of preserving and expanding the reach of Greek culture, but in terms of ideas…Lycurgus of Sparta. Emily Anhalt does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. In the preceding centuries, Greek city-states were governed by a variety of entities, including kings, oligarchies, tyrants, and, as in the case of Athens, a democracy.” There are various other political and military leaders of Greece who also went on to influence Greek civilization as we know it today. Solon was a poet, politician, and the founder of democratic government in Greece. What made this civilization so special was its people. The king of Persia had already conquered northern Greece and was on his way to capture the south, but Leonidas bravely defended his position even though his army of just 4,000 soldiers was no match for the 80,000-strong Persian force. The essay is the classic 5 paragraph (the intro need not be interesting). Athena, goddess of wisdom, observes that “any wise man who came among them would be displeased and ashamed seeing their many shameful deeds.”, Odysseus’s son, speaking to community elders about the suitors, insists that “unendurable deeds have been done, and ignobly my household has been destroyed. In Professor Nagy's list of the characteristics of the prototypical Greek … The 10 Oldest Ancient Civilizations That Have Ever Existed, Top 10 Most Worshiped Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Top 10 Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greece…, Top 11 Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia, Top 10 Important Events of Ancient Greece, Top 10 Amazing Facts about Alexander the Great, Top 10 Most Important People in Ancient Greece, Top 12 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Greece, Top 21 Fascinating Facts about the Ancient Persian Empire, Top 12 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Sumer, Top 13 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Babylonia, Top 12 Fascinating Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia. Accordingly, both Sophocles’ Philoctetes and Plato’s Republic turn to the figure of Odysseus, renowned for his tricky speech, in order to interrogate notions of the just and unjust uses of lying by leaders. Believing that implicit fundamental values are, to their larger part, unchangeable, we assume that the Greek ideal leader remains the same across centuries. October 24, 2011 Mark 11 Comments. Finally, under his leadership, Athens formed the Delian League, an alliance among Greek city-states that established a united front against Persian invasion. As a child, he suffered from a speech disorder, and he had to overcome this before he could become an orator. They were also Pericles’ closest friends. I have to write an essay due in December about this. By contrast a good leader respects his obligations to his people, and ensures that they respect theirs to him and to one another. He was an important protagonist during the Wars of the Diadochi and waged bloody war against the Macedonian general, Polyperchon. mortal despots cannot preserve their death grip on power forever. After the death of Aristide, he became the chief statesman of the aristocrat and pro-Spartan party after Themistocles. His Athenian policies brought an end to bonded slavery and the mistreatment of the common people. After winning the war, he took supreme power over Greece and Macedonia. Citizens were allowed to express themselves and indulge in any form of study. Alexander the Great, King of Macedon from B.C.E. The tales of Uranus, Cronus, and Zeus show which characteristics were prized by the Greek people, and which were despised. Essential Question: Can we learn more about what the Ancient Greeks believed made a good person by exploring the heroes from their myths? Anticipating by thousands of years the violent overthrow of 21st-century dictators during the Arab Spring, for example, the “Odyssey” suggests that Later Cassander fought against her and won the battle in 316 BC. Latinized Pisistratus is known as the most lenient ruler of ancient Greece. According to the Odyssey, Odysseus exemplifies all major traits of a leader that are most admired by ancient Greeks. Some historians say that it began during the Dark Ages and lasted until 600 AD, but there are other historians who believe that it continued until the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, and then moved into the Hellenistic period, although these two periods are generally not considered distinct from one another.