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projection bias sociology

Gillman, I. S. (1980). Projective identification and differentiation: International Journal of Psycho-Analysis Vol 70(2) 1989, 265-274. Ramchandani, D. (1991). We’ll use usual supply-demand diagrams. Projection Bias: The tendency to unconsciously assume that others share the same or similar thoughts, beliefs, values, or positions. Reflections on therapeutic implications of projective identification as a factor in troubled marriages: Issues in Psychoanalytic Psychology Vol 22(1) 2000, 69-77. Perrotta, R. (1980). Attributive projection: Test of defensive hypotheses: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 42(3, Pt 1) Jun 1976, 707-711. Psychopathological effects of a cultural phenomenon in Martinique: L'Information Psychiatrique Vol 63(10) Dec 1987, 1199-1208. Splitting in hospital treatment: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 146(4) Apr 1989, 444-451. (2003). ", "The individual perceives in others the motive he denies having himself. Berlin, N. G. (2002). Moral development and defensive style: Dissertation Abstracts International. The roles of conflict and internalized demands in projection: The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology Vol 50(2) Mar 1955, 188-192. "Understanding researcher 'projection' in interpreting case study data: The South Canyon fire tragedy": Comment: Journal of Applied Behavioral Science Vol 32(1) Mar 1996, 62-69. Zwiebel, R. (1985). Cramer, P., Blatt, S. J., & Ford, R. Q. 'Emotions or excitations which the ego tries to ward off are \"split out\" and then felt as being outside the ego...perceived in another person'. Preverbal communication: Its effects on both analyst and patient: Revista Brasileira de Psicanalise Vol 21(3) 1987, 289-307. Netter, M. (1994). The measurement of temperament using parental ratings: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol 22(1) Jan 1981, 47-53. Maltby, J. Holt, D. (1975). Projection and efficacy of group analysis: Socijalna Psihijatrija Vol 26(1) Jun 1998, 23-27. Grefe, J., & Reich, G. (1996). Bias exists in the selection of events and stories that are reported and how they are covered. Being well-informed is the first step towards your goal. Sex differences in the development and projection of a simple fear: British Journal of Medical Psychology Vol 53(2) Jun 1980, 151-153. Neyer, F. J., Banse, R., & Asendorpf, J. Secret agonies in analytic communities: Gossip, envy, secrecy, and belonging: Journal of Jungian Theory and Practice Vol 9(1) 2007, 5-10. When we know something, it becomes hard for us to imagine not knowing it. Peter Gay describes it as "the operation of expelling feelings or wishes the individual finds wholly unacceptable—too shameful, too obscene, too dangerous—by attributing them to another." Grinberg, L. (1979). (1967). For most of the other biases in the literature (anchoring biases, framing effects, base rate neglect, etc. Levy, J., & Brown, R. D. (1980). Kiraly, S. J. Looking from one emotional state to another is difficult. Bowerman, W. R. (1975). R. Berk (1983), "An Introduction to Sample Selection Bias in Sociological Data, American Sociological Review, 48(3):386-398; D. Powers (2005), "Censored Regression, Sample Selection, Endogenous Switching, and Treatment-Effect Regression", UT Dept of Sociology Working Paper Effects of projective identification on therapists and groupmates: Group Analysis Vol 25(1) Mar 1992, 15-18. (1951). When a person projects his feeling onto another person, he may make that person resemble himself and provide insight into the person mind. Psychological projection is a defense mechanism people subconsciously employ in order to cope with difficult feelings or emotions. Researcher "projection" revisited: A response to Kahn: Journal of Applied Behavioral Science Vol 32(3) Sep 1996, 323-331. Zender, J. F. (1991). Imbasciati, A. Cars and houses are durable goods; therefore consumers must predict at the time of purchase the preferences that they will have in the future when consuming these goods. To capture both of these simply, we just assume that there’s no loss aversion in money. People tend to assume that others think, feel, believe, and behave much like they do. Projection as a defense mechanism: Psychological Bulletin Vol 85(4) Jul 1978, 677-688. Main, T. F. (1974). Abraham, A. Lewis, J. R., Bates, B. C., & Lawrence, S. (1994). Trait attribution as a study of Freudian projection: Journal of Social Psychology 65(2) 1965, 311-316. Projection and Transference in Fundamentalist Thinking as Factors in The Holocaust: Psychoanalytic Review Vol 90(4) Aug 2003, 537-564. Predicting hunger: Our current state of appetite has a significant effect on our future food choices … Francisco, B. S. (1984). Proportionality Bias: Our innate tendency to assume that big events have big causes, may also explain our tendency to accept conspiracy theories. Discussion of "The merits and problems with the concept of projective identification" by Janet Finell: Psychoanalytic Review Vol 73(2) Sum 1986, 121-128. Romney, P., & Goli, M. (1991). "Clarification of projective identification": Comment: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 148(10) Oct 1991, 1408-1409. Parent-child therapy and maternal projections: Tripartite psychotherapy--A new look: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Vol 72(2) Apr 2002, 204-216. Grossman, J. C. (1974). The analytic management and interpretation of projective identification. A note on two important aspects of Kleinian theory "projective identification" and "idealisation." The loss of a loved parent and the origin of salvation fantasies: Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice Vol 11(3) Fal 1974, 256-258. Cavagnaro, D. R. (2008). The projection of the inner group in drawing: Group Analysis Vol 23(4) Dec 1990, 391-401. Positive projective identification: International Journal of Psycho-Analysis Vol 67(4) 1986, 489-496. New York, NY: Tavistock/Routledge. However, research in behavioral economics suggests that our predictions are not always exactly accurate. Existence of classical projection and the stress-reducing function of attributive projection: A reply to Sherwood: Psychological Bulletin Vol 90(3) Nov 1981, 460-466. Lanham, MD: Jason Aronson. Garland, A. Decision-Making Biases. Miceli, M., & Castelfranchi, C. (2003). Projective identification and Marx's concept of man: International Review of Psycho-Analysis Vol 10(2) 1983, 221-226. Perkel, A. Casement, P. J. The development and distortions of empathy: Psychoanalytic Quarterly Vol 43(1) 1974, 4-25. Psychological projection … Police overperception of ghetto hostility: Journal of Police Science & Administration Vol 1(2) Jun 1973, 168-174. Transference and countertransference: Psychanalystes No 48 Win 1993-1994, 13-38. Boyd, R. D. (1989). 7. He describes a few life examples and then gives a few poker examples to illustrate the Projection Bias, such as … Did You Know? Cramer, P. (2007). Ploye, P. M. (1984). Maner, J. K., Kenrick, D. T., Becker, D. V., Robertson, T. E., Hofer, B., Neuberg, S. L., et al. Psychological projection in six romantic poems, English and American: Dissertation Abstracts International. Rafaelsen, L. (1992). Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. The origin of the concept of projection in psychoanalysis: Feuillets Psychiatriques de Liege Vol 3(4) 1970, 480-502. Sollod, R. N. (1974). (1987). Torres de Bea, E. (1989). Cass, L. K. (1952). In recruitment, the following types of bias are all very common: Conformity Bias; Based on a famous study that’s been around for decades, conformity bias relates to bias caused by group peer pressure. They seem to be unable to view their current state as having any time limits or to consider the possibility of any improvement. (1975). Schul, Y., & Vinokur, A. D. (2000). Projection as an interpersonal influence tactic: The effects of the pot calling the kettle black: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin Vol 27(11) Nov 2001, 1494-1507. Communion and invasion: Outer space and inner space: Free Associations Vol 5(35, Pt 3) 1994, 357-376. 3. Zwiebel, R. (1988). Morrison, A. P. (1986). Here are 8 examples of situations in which projection bias tend to influence our decisions. : Revue Francaise de Psychanalyse Vol 57(4) Oct-Dec 1993, 1207-1211. Classical projection: Empirical test of analytic formulations: Dissertation Abstracts International. (2000). Rosenfeld, H. (1983). A group's bad self in Papua New Guinea: A true home in the modern world? Heath, S. (2007). Further comments on projective identification: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 148(12) Dec 1991, 1761. Authority Bias: The tendency to value an ambiguous stimulus according to the opinion of someone who is seen as an authority on the topic. (1983). [7], An illustration would be an individual (Alice, for example) who feels dislike for another person (let's say Bob), however her unconscious mind will not allow her to become aware of this negative emotion. (1979). Brusset, B. Chang, V., & James, M. (1987). Zuk, G. H., & Zuk, C. V. (1995). Cooperation and competition among police: Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association 1973, 387-388. B., Jr., & Tiemeyer, E. B. Gagelmann, U. Akhtar, S. (1991). Religious fundamentalism and primitive projective processes: Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy Vol 17(4) Dec 2003, 325-341. Defensive projection: An investigation of its role in paranoid conditions: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease Vol 173(1) Jan 1985, 17-25. (1971). Madison, CT: International Universities Press, Inc. Sarnoff, C. A. Cortesao, E. L. (1985). The challenge is to live mindfully enough of the present and of the limits of one’s perspective. Grotstein, J. S. (1991). How Many Years of Life Will a Bad Relationship Cost You? In this way one can see that projection is related to denial, the only other defense mechanism that is more primitive than projection. Schneer, D. L. (1991). So, if they think that unpleasant feelings will soon pass, they may be better prepared to resist. B. Psychological complementarity in Soviet-American relations: Political Psychology Vol 6(2) Jun 1985, 249-261. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Kivlighan, D. M., Marsh-Angelone, M., & Angelone, E. O. Researching social bias has greatly increased my understanding of exactly how to define, for my own understanding as well as that of others, areas of negative social behavior that may otherwise be vague or difficult to explain or contest. For example, people denounce junk food when they are not hungry or craving without realizing how much they want those delicious cookies once they are tired and exhausted. Learning needs of academically disadvantaged students: Adolescence Vol 9(36) Win 1974, 555-564. (1990). Intrapsychic and interpersonal projective identification: Melanie Klein & Object Relations Vol 7(2) Dec 1989, 31-42. Zinner, J. Judgments of Ethnic Groups: Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied 68(2) 1968, 321-328. Bohan, D. F. (1984). London, England: Karnac Books. Projection and projective identification. For example, smokers who were trying to quit and who also felt they had high self-control were less likely to relapse have four months later, on account of not being diligent enough in avoiding temptation. Projection bias: The tendency to overestimate how much our future selves share one’s current preferences, thoughts and values, thus leading to sub-optimal choices. Donini, G., & Bollea, E. (1973). (1978). Agoraphobia: Developmental antecedents and defense preference: Dissertation Abstracts International. Halpern, J. Ruszczynski, S. P. (1992). Springett, J. Analytische Psychologie Vol 17(63) Feb 1986, 25-37. When people know something, they overestimate the likelihood that other people know it too. The assumption of projective reduplication in psychosomatic patients: I. An experimental investigation of the effectiveness of complementary projection for reducing anxiety: Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol 31(3) Jul 1975, 525-529. Jane is an avid runner and a self-proclaimed health nut. Neurotic and psychotic transference and projective identification: International Review of Psycho-Analysis Vol 7(2) 1980, 157-164. There are two types of selective perception. Feldman, M. (1992). The term "media bias" implies a pervasive or widespread bias contravening the standards of journalism, rather than the perspective of an individual journalist or article. Brody, P. R. (1977). Ramchandani, D. (1989). Projection, double bind and demonic possession: Some common elements in three theories of psychosis: Contemporary Family Therapy: An International Journal Vol 20(1) Mar 1998, 15-23. Further, while engaged in projection, individuals can be unable to access truthful memories, intentions, and experiences, even about their own nature, as is common in deep trauma. Steiner, J. Hypnotherapy with borderline personalities: Hypnosis as a tool of regulation regression in the therapeutic relationship: Psychiatria Hungarica Vol 5(5) Dec 1990, 445-451. Malancharuvil, J. M. (2004). Cramer, P., & Gaul, R. (1988). Miel, C. (2002). We tend to be caught up in the present and act as if our future preferences will be more like our current preferences than they actually will be. Searles, H. F. (1993). Psychopathological aspects of a case of carcinoma of the pharynx: Formazione Psichiatrica No 1 Jan-Mar 1981, 47-52. Alice has denied a part of herself that is desperate to come to the surface. (1975). Bercherie, P. (2000). Holmes, D. S. (1978). Marks, G. S. (1982). Morduch, S. J. Parasitism, projective identification and the Faustian bargain: International Review of Psycho-Analysis Vol 12(3) 1985, 299-310. Believed that capitalism would ultimately lead to self-destruction of society due to internal tensions. Our estimates suggest that if the order-date temperature declines by 30°F, the return probability increases by 3.95 percent. Pseudocertainty effect: The tendency to make risk-averse choices if the expected outcome is positive, but make risk-seeking choices to avoid negative outcomes. Jarast, G. M. (1990). Simon, J. M. (1980). Carpelan, H. (1985). Schneider, S. (1992). Duyckaerts, F. (1970). Lanham, MD: Jason Aronson. Hysterical identification and projective identification: Revue Francaise de Psychanalyse Vol 48(2) Mar-Apr 1984, 515-527. Using data on catalog orders of cold-weather items, we find evidence of projection bias over the weather—specifically, people's decisions are overinfluenced by the current weather. On symbolism: International Journal of Psycho-Analysis Vol 59(2-3) Jul 1978, 315-319. Projective identification and eating disorders on a college campus: Journal of College Student Psychotherapy Vol 6(1) 1991, 53-74.

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